History notes on Britain government kcse05 Apr 2019
It is constituted by the mornachy House of
Commons and House of lords
Means of becoming a
member of parlia
Virtue of office()
Powers vested in
Only institute empowered to make, amend and abolish laws.
All other institutions derive their power from parliament
It approves the government budget
Decisions made by it are binding for all and can not be
over ruled by a court of law.
Parliament has powers to remove an unpopular
government from office.
Serves a symbolic and ceremonial role in the
The mornachy appoints the prime minister and
approves the cabinet.
Functions of monarchy
Enforces national laws and every law requires the accent of the crown.
The monarchy appoints and removes government
Manages the country’s foreign policy including the
enactment of treaties.
Summoning proroguing and devolving parliament.
Pardoning and giving reprieve to people who have
been accused of committing various offenses.
Leadership of the Anglican Church in England in
that the monarch appoints Bishops and archbishop.
Significance of the
Its presence provides continuity of the executive policy.
It inspires the head of government with a sense of
Acts as a useful councilor to the head of government.
It is the symbol of common wealth unity.
It sets standards for social life.
The royal family pays visits to royal governments and
towards other commonwealth governments.
2.The house of lords
It is based on hereditary principle.
It consists of about 1,200 members.
800 members are hereditary peers
26 are bishops
21 are lords of Appeal
Ways of becoming a member
of the House of Lords.
By being appointed by the monarchy
Other members are appointed by virtue of their
positions in the society.